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Below are descriptions of Therapeutic Touch supplied by the Online Wellness Network wellness providers listed on this web site.

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Therapeutic Touch is a process working with the energy field surrounding the body, to bring balance and integrity to the field and subsequently to the body.

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Therapeutic Touch is 5 step process in which the practitioner uses his or her hands to repattern one’s energy or prana in the direction of health. As a contemporary interpretation of several ancient techniques, Therapeutic Touch helps with stress and pain reduction, supports the immune system, and accelerates healing. It is an excellent modality for acute as well as chronic conditions.

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Improves condition of body and mind before or after conditions affect body, mind and spirit by working with the energy system around the body and removing harmful aspects.

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Therapeutic Touch Description

* This article is updated daily from Wikipedia. It may contain minor formatting errors.
For the original content and references, click here. Last update: 8/18/2013.

Therapeutic touch (commonly shortened to "TT"), known by some as Non-Contact Therapeutic Touch (NCTT),* is an Energy medicine|energy therapy which practitioners claim promotes healing and reduces pain and anxiety. Therapeutic Touch is a registered trademark in Canada for the "[s]tructured and standardized healing practice performed by practitioners trained to be sensitive to the receiver's energy field that surrounds the body;...no touching is required."* The College of Nurses of Ontario includes Therapeutic Touch as a complementary health-related therapy that is among permitted nursing interventions.* New York University's Department of Integrated Health Programs offers Therapeutic Touch through its Patient and Care Partner Services at the Langone Medical Center.* Therapeutic Touch was developed by NYU professor Dolores Krieger.*Practitioners of therapeutic touch state that by placing their hands on, or near, a patient, they are able to detect and manipulate the patient's energy field.* One highly cited study, designed by a then-nine-year-old Emily Rosa and published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that practitioners of therapeutic touch could not detect the presence or absence of a hand placed a few inches above theirs when their vision was obstructed.* Simon Singh and Edzard Ernst concluded in their 2008 book Trick or Treatment that "the energy field was probably nothing more than a figment in the imaginations of the healers."* The American Cancer Society has noted, "Available scientific evidence does not support any claims that TT can cure cancer or other diseases."*

Origin

Dora Van Gelder|Dora Kunz, a theosophy promoter and one-time president (1975–1987) of the Theosophical Society in America, and Dolores Krieger, now Professor Emerita of Nursing Science, New York University,* developed therapeutic touch in the 1970s.*According to Krieger, therapeutic touch has roots in ancient healing practices,* such as the laying on of hands, although it has no connection with religion or with faith healing. Krieger states that, "in the final analysis, it is the healee (client) who heals himself. The healer or therapist, in this view, acts as a human energy support system until the healee's own immunological system is robust enough to take over".*

Scientific investigations

Emily Rosa, at 9 years of age, conceived and executed a study on therapeutic touch. With the help of Stephen Barrett from Quackwatch, and with the assistance of her mother, Linda Rosa, RN, Emily became the youngest research team member to have a paper accepted by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) for her part in a study of therapeutic touch, which debunker|debunked the claims of therapeutic touch practitioners. Twenty-one practitioners of therapeutic touch participated in her study, and they attempted to detect her Aura (paranormal)|aura. The practitioners stood on one side of a cardboard screen, while Emily stood on the other. The practitioners then placed their hands through holes in the screen. Emily flipped a coin to determine which of the practitioner's hands she would place hers near (without, of course, touching the hand). The practitioners then were to indicate if they could sense her biofield, and where her hand was. Although all of the participants had asserted that they would be able to do this, the actual results did not support their assertions. After repeated trials the practitioners had succeeded in locating her hand at a rate not significantly different from chance.* JAMA editor George D. Lundberg, M.D, recommended that patients and insurance companies alike refuse to pay for therapeutic touch or at least question whether or not payment is appropriate " 'until or unless additional honest experimentation demonstrates an actual effect.' "*

A 1999 review of the physics of complementary therapies states that the existence of a "bio-field" or "bio-energetic field" directly contradicts principles of physics, chemistry, and biology.* A systematic review on the effectiveness of various distance healing techniques concluded that "The methodologic limitations of several studies make it difficult to draw definitive conclusions about the efficacy of distant healing. However ... the evidence thus far merits further study."*

A Cochrane collaboration|Cochrane systematic review found "[t]here is no robust evidence that TT promotes healing of acute wounds."*The American Cancer Society has noted, "Available scientific evidence does not support any claims that TT can cure cancer or other diseases."*

Therapeutic touch and nursing education

Owen Hammer and James Underdown from the Independent Investigations Group examined nursing standards in California, where the California Board of Registered Nursing (CBRN) can award registered nurses taking classes in therapeutic touch with continuing education units (CEUs) required for licensure renewal. In 2006 Hammer and Underdown presented the Board with the scientific evidence refuting the validity of therapeutic touch as a legitimate treatment, but the Board did not change its policy.*

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* This article is updated daily from Wikipedia. It may contain minor formatting errors.
For the original content and references, click here. Last update: 8/18/2013.

 
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